Minimal configuration file for Apache on Ubuntu

Submitted by olaf on 2015-07-29
Tags: apache ubuntu

There’s CppCMS, a “High Performance C++ Web Framework”. This looks very interesting, but couldn’t this be done by an Apache module?

I searched and found this tutorial at Developing modules for the Apache HTTP Server 2.4. I wanted to play with this, but not use my regular Apache installation for debugging purposes. Again, using my preferred search engine, I found this Github Gist zroger/httpd.conf.

As always, it doesn’t run as smooth as I like. Apache complained immediately about a missing module

apache2: Syntax error on line 28 of ./httpd.conf: Cannot load /usr/libexec/apache2/ into server: /usr/libexec/apache2/ cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

Changing paths from /usr/libexec/apache2 to /usr/lib/apache2/modules fixes the first problem. Alternatively, you can reuse Ubuntu’s installation and include configuration files (*.load, *.conf) from /etc/apache2/mods-available, e.g.

Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/authz_host.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/rewrite.load

and so on.

Next error message was

apache2: Syntax error on line 40 of ./httpd.conf: module log_config_module is built-in and can’t be loaded

Removing this line and the line loading PHP, brings us to

AH00534: apache2: Configuration error: No MPM loaded.

Searching for this error message didn’t help, but looking into /etc/apache2/mods-enabled reveals mpm_prefork.load and mpm_prefork.conf. So, including these two

Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/mpm_prefork.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/mpm_prefork.conf

helps overcome this error. And on to the next one

AH00526: Syntax error on line 21 of ./httpd.conf:
Invalid command ‘LockFile’, perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration

According to Apache2 - Upgrading to 2.4 from 2.2 and Upgraded to Ubuntu 13.10 - Apache not able to start, I must change LockFile to

Mutex file:tmp default

And then

AH00526: Syntax error on line 66 of ./httpd.conf:
Invalid command ‘Order’, perhaps misspelled or defined by a module not included in the server configuration

In Apache 2.4, this is solved by module access_compat

Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/access_compat.conf

Since I want a really minimal configuration, I remove all the LoadModule entries, the PHP parts and the final SetEnv entry. This leaves us with a final error

(2)No such file or directory: AH00089: Couldn’t start ErrorLog process ‘cat’.
AH00015: Unable to open logs

which can be remedied by giving an absolute path, which is /bin/cat on my system

ErrorLog "|/bin/cat"
CustomLog "|/bin/cat" common

If you prefer logging output in a file, you can also remove these lines and create a directory logs, where the logging files will be located.

This is all well now, until you try loading some web page. This results in yet another “Internal Server Error”. Log output says

AH00025: configuration error: couldn’t check user: /

This is something, which changed from Apache version 2.2 to version 2.4. Module authz_core solves this one. And finally, I can load my first page http://localhost:8080/hello.html

Hello, world!

This is just a start, you must add modules for your environment, of course. And I can start with creating my own Apache module.

And here is the final minimal configuration file:

ServerName localhost
Listen 8080
PidFile tmp/
Mutex file:tmp default

Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/authz_core.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/access_compat.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/mpm_prefork.load
Include /etc/apache2/mods-available/mpm_prefork.conf

LogLevel info
ErrorLog "|/bin/cat"
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
CustomLog "|/bin/cat" common

DocumentRoot "build"
<Directory "build">
    AllowOverride all
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

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